Melasma Removal

Complete Guide to Pre-Treatment and Post-Treatment Care for Melasma Removal

To ensure the best possible results and a comfortable treatment process, it’s essential to follow proper care instructions. Let us take you through each step, providing valuable insights along the way.

  • Sun Protection: Avoid prolonged sun exposure and tanning beds for 5-7 days prior to treatment.  Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect your skin from the sun. Remember to reapply every two hours and wear protective clothing and a wide-brimmed hat when outdoors.
  • Self Tanners: The use of self-tanning skin products must be discontinued one week before treatment. Any residual self- tanner should be removed prior to treatment.
  • Skincare Products: Do not use any retinoids, exfoliants, or harsh skincare products on the treatment area for at least one week before the procedure.
  • Oral Medications: Inform your laser professional about any oral medications you are taking, especially those known to cause photosensitivity (increased sensitivity to the sun).
  • Hydration: Stay well-hydrated in the days leading up to your treatment to support your skin’s healing process.
  • Makeup: Arrive at the appointment with clean, makeup-free skin, as makeup can interfere with the treatment process.
  • Skin Condition: Inform your healthcare provider if you have any active skin infections or outbreaks, as the treatment may need to be rescheduled to ensure optimal results.
  • Avoid alcohol: Avoid alcohol for at least 24 hours before the treatment to reduce the risk of skin irritation.
  • Sun Protection: Direct sun exposure can increase the risk of complications and hinder the healing process.  Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect your skin from the sun. Remember to reapply every two hours and wear protective clothing and a wide-brimmed hat when outdoors.
  • Avoid Irritants: Refrain from using harsh or abrasive skincare products, such as scrubs or exfoliants, for at least one week after your treatment. These products can irritate the treated skin and hinder the healing process.
  • Gentle Cleansing: Cleanse with a mild, non-abrasive cleanser and lukewarm water. Avoid hot water, harsh soaps, or rough washcloths that could irritate the treated areas.
  • Moisturize: Keep your skin well-hydrated by applying a gentle, non-irritating moisturizer to the treated areas. This helps soothe the skin and promote healing.
  • Avoid Makeup: It is recommended to avoid applying makeup on the treated areas for at least 24 hours to allow the skin to recover.
  • Cold Compress: For added comfort, you can apply a cold compress to the treated areas as needed to reduce any swelling or discomfort.
  • Avoid Hot Showers and Baths: Avoid taking hot showers and baths for the first 24-48 hours after treatment, as hot water can irritate the skin. Additionally, cleanse with a mild, non-abrasive cleanser and avoid harsh soaps, or rough washcloths.
  • Avoid Strenuous Exercise: Avoid strenuous exercise or anything that causes excessive sweating for at least 24-48 hours after treatment, as sweat can irritate the skin.

What to Expect During Treatment

  • Sensations: You may experience mild sensations of warmth, a tingling feeling, or a snapping sensation during the procedure. These sensations are generally well-tolerated. 
  • Protective Measures: Eye protection, such as goggles or shields, may be provided to safeguard your eyes from the laser light.
  • Treatment Duration: The actual treatment typically lasts between 10 to 15 minutes, but this can vary depending on the specific procedure and the area being treated.

Expected Side Effects of Clear and Brilliant Laser and Enlighten: Pico Genesis for Melasma Removal

Melasma removal is generally well-tolerated, but some individuals may experience temporary side effects. These side effects are typically mild and resolve on their own within a few days to a week. The expected side effects may include:

  • Redness and Swelling: Following treatment, it’s normal to experience temporary redness and swelling in the treated area. These reactions are the skin’s natural response and typically subside within a few hours or days. Applying a cool compress can help alleviate these symptoms.
  • Sensitivity or Mild Discomfort: The treated skin may feel sensitive or tender to touch for a short period. This sensitivity is a normal response to the laser treatment and typically resolves within a few days. It is important to avoid excessive rubbing or scratching the treated areas to prevent irritation.
  • Dryness and Rough Texture: Following the treatment, you may experience dryness or a rough texture in the treated area. This is a normal part of the skin’s healing process and indicates the removal of damaged skin cells. It usually improves within a week, and moisturizing the skin can help alleviate dryness.
  • Temporary Darkening or Lightening of Pigmented Areas: In rare cases, temporary changes in skin pigmentation may occur after melasma removal. Some individuals may experience temporary darkening (hyperpigmentation) or lightening (hypopigmentation) of the treated areas. These pigment changes are typically transient and resolve on their own over time as the skin heals. It is important to protect the treated areas from excessive sun exposure, as sun damage can exacerbate pigmentation issues.

It is worth noting that the severity and duration of side effects can vary depending on individual factors, such as skin type, treatment intensity, and post-treatment care. Most individuals find that any side effects are mild and well-tolerated, with the skin returning to normal within a week.

Monitoring Clinical Progress

Your skincare specialist plays a role in overseeing the clinical progress before and after these treatments to ensure the best possible outcomes. Let’s explore the clinical markers observed during both treatments and their importance in evaluating the success of the treatment.

  • Pigment Fragmentation (Pico Genesis): For Pico Genesis, a primary goal is to target and fragment excess pigmentation like sunspots, melasma, or hyperpigmentation. You skincare professional closely observes the fragmentation of pigmented cells as the laser energy selectively targets and breaks them down. This endpoint ensures the effective resolution of pigmentation concerns and the gradual lightening of targeted areas.
  • Microscopic Treatment Zones (Clear and Brilliant): During Clear and Brilliant laser treatment, we closely monitor the formation of microscopic treatment zones on the skin’s surface. These precise and targeted areas signify the successful delivery of laser energy, triggering the skin’s natural healing response. Proper coverage and distribution of these zones confirm the thoroughness and effectiveness of the procedure.
  • Stimulation of Collagen and Elastin (Both): Both treatments aim to stimulate collagen and elastin production within the skin. These proteins contribute to improved skin texture, elasticity, and overall rejuvenation. Your skincare professional assesses treatment success by observing the skin’s response to laser energy, leading to visible improvements in skin firmness, the reduction of fine lines, and a more youthful appearance.
  • Redness (Both): The presence and intensity of redness immediately post-treatment are assessed. This redness, akin to a mild sunburn, is an expected response to laser energy. Monitoring the resolution of redness helps evaluate the skin’s reaction and the effectiveness of the treatment.
  • Skin Texture Improvement (Clear and Brilliant): Evaluating changes in skin texture is essential to measure the success of Clear and Brilliant laser treatment. Improved smoothness, reduced rough areas, and overall refinement of skin texture indicate effective collagen stimulation and surface rejuvenation.
  • Even Skin Tone (Pico Genesis): Your skincare professional evaluates overall improvement in skin tone as Pico Genesis targets and breaks down excess pigment. This results in a smoother and more balanced complexion, addressing issues like hyperpigmentation and blotchiness.
  • Enhanced Skin Tone and Pigmentation Reduction (Clear and Brilliant): A crucial endpoint for Clear and Brilliant treatment is the reduction of pigmentation irregularities, including age spots, sun damage, and hyperpigmentation. Improved skin tone signifies successful targeting of pigmented areas and discoloration reduction.
  • Reduction in Fine Lines and Wrinkles (Clear and Brilliant): Your skincare professional assesses the softening or smoothing of fine lines and wrinkles, such as crow’s feet and forehead lines. Improvement in these signs of aging indicates successful collagen remodeling and overall skin rejuvenation.

These clinical endpoints help your skincare professional tailor treatments, provide personalized recommendations, and make any necessary adjustments for subsequent sessions and post-treatment care. By closely monitoring these markers, we ensure the safe and effective delivery of Pico Genesis and Clear and Brilliant laser treatments, leading to a rejuvenated and radiant complexion.